The foundation of the United Nations essentially was laid in Yalta, the Crimean city on 11th February 1945. The idea of setting up the United Nations Organization that is discussed from the 1940s, had spoken Moscow and Tehran Conference in 1943 and the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in Washington in 1944. Following World War II which led to a huge disaster and devastation in Europe and Asia, the victorious major countries decided to establish the United Nations Organization.
U.S. President Roosevelt, United Kingdom Prime Minister Churchill and President of Soviet Union Joseph Stalin came together in Yalta in Crimea, declared their resolve “to establish a general international organization to maintain peace and security in the world”. They announced that they would sign an Agreement in this regard in San Francisco in April 25, 1945.
The three leaders agreed on “creating the Security Council from founding countries and having veto right in the organization in their secret meetings at Yalta. Also they decided to incorporate China and France into the Security Council and extending the invitations by the United States. United States sent an invitation to countries which will constitute the Security Council and announced their decisions about how Veto Right will be.
In April 25, 1945 in San Francisco, the establishment Agreement of the United Nations, 111 Point, was signed. It is said according to 23th point of the Article which was signed at the conference by representatives from 50 countries: “The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations. The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America shall be permanent members of the Security Council.”
In this way, fate of the United Nations Organization and the world was determined according to interests of Big Five Countries, at the bottom of the ladder. However, from that day to this, Eastern and Western countries of the Security Council have vetoed many decisions related to world peace and security just for their own interests.
RUSSIA’S SECURITY COUNCIL MEMBERSHIP IS INVALID
The Soviet Union disintegrated in December 25, 1991. Countries that make up the Soviet Union declared their independence one by one during the 1990s and they became members of the United Nations. On the contrary, Russia agreed itself as the inheritor of the Soviet Union in an unfair manner and the World countries stayed silent under these circumstances. But, with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, its veto right in the Security Council had come to an end. There were many countries as powerful as Russia. Ukraine was the most important of them.
When the Soviet Union distributed, Ukraine had the world’s third largest nuclear weapons power. Russia even was ready for annexation of Ukraine and Crimea in those days. Ukraine come near to the West for safe with Crimea from threats of Russia. With the pressure of Western countries, Ukraine signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in December 4, 1994 and has delivered its nuclear missiles to Russia. Security Council Members United States, United Kingdom, France and Russia gave a guarantee for Ukraine’s territorial integrity and security. If Ukraine did not sign this agreement, Russia could not lift troops in The Crimea today.
Whereas, today Russia is threating Ukraine in defiance of the decision, taken in Budapest and it is trying to annexation of Crimea. This situation not only Budapest Treaty but also Russia’s Membership of the Security Council as the heir of the Soviet Union will be cancelled at the same time. According to the decision of CSCE (Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe), If Russia annexes Crimea, the United States, France and Britain should to interfere Russia. Russia is a violation of the Budapest Treaty and it’s the Security Council membership is already invalid.
It must be reopened Russia’s Security Council membership for discussion. Otherwise, the United Nations Organization was born in Crimea, in Crimea it will die again.